The Revolution Crushes the Socialists: June 23-27, 1848
The following is an excerpt from our text, Light to the Nations II:The Making of the Modern World. It continues the account of the 1848 revolutions in France that one may read here. For information on ordering this or our other texts, please go here.
The leader arising from the confusion of the February revolution in Paris was an aristocrat who had become famous not only for his Romantic, meditative poetry but also for his eloquent opposition to Louis Philippe. A member of the Chamber of Deputies since 1833, Alphonse de Lamartine had been an important voice for government reform. He had opposed the death penalty, called for the emancipation of slaves in the French colonies, and backed other reforms. Though he had been a supporter of constitutional monarchy, he now led the Chamber in rejecting the Count of Paris as king.
The Chamber of Deputies had dissolved the monarchy and now appointed a provisional government. Lamartine, three other deputies, and the radical republican Alexandre Auguste Ledru-Rollin were to govern France until elections could be held for a new legislature. No sooner had these men been sworn in, however, than they learned that socialists and anarchists had seized Paris’s Hôtel de Ville and proclaimed their own provisional government. Undaunted, Lamartine set out for the Hôtel de Ville to speak with the socialist leaders. The result was an agreement by which the socialists and anarchists recognized Lamartine’s government, and Lamartine agreed to allow the socialist leader Louis Blanc to join the provisional government.